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1. Have a strong center of interest – While you may want to include a secondary subject, make sure that it doesn’t detract from your main subject. Avoid putting the center of interest in the center of your pictures. A main subject in the middle can look static and uninteresting. Try placing your center of interest according to the rule of thirds, both vertically and horizontally. Place your center of interest at one of the four places where the lines intersect. Have the subject look or move toward the center of the picture.
2. Know the angles – Study your subject from all angles. Select the viewpoint that shows your subject to the best advantage. For outdoor environment images, rendering from a low angle provides an uncluttered sky background. Consider the horizon line. Avoid cutting your picture in half by placing the horizon in the middle of your picture. Place the horizon line low to accent spaciousness or high to suggest closeness.
3. Move close – Move toward your subject until you have eliminated everything that does not add to the picture. It is always best to crop carefully when you render. Close-ups convey a sense of intimacy, while long shots evoke a sense of airiness and depth.
4. Use lines for interest and clarity – Predominant lines should generally run into the image, not out of it. You can find a line in almost anything: a road, a fence, a stream, or a hedge. These lines are called leading lines because they lead the viewer’s eye into the picture and often right to the subject.
5. Watch the background – The background can make or break an image. It can add to the composition and help set the mood but it can be distracting if cluttered. Before you render the image, stop for a moment and look around. Is there an object (part of the background) growing out of your subject’s head (a merger)? Throw the background out of focus for a pleasing effect. Remember to look beyond your subject because your viewer will.
6. Add interest to your scenic shots – Frame your scenes with an interesting foreground such as a tree or a branch or interesting object. Look at the scene to determine additions that may improve the scenic shot.
Composition is simply the selection and arrangement of objects within the picture area. When you looking at your image before rendering, have the whole picture in mind. These rules of composition are suggestions that will improve your images and assure that you can appreciate them for years to come.